9 beautiful botanical gardens in the world


Posted on March 28, 2017

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The Rio de Janeiro Botanical Garden, Brazil. It is located at the Jardim Botânico district and has a collection of 6,500 species of Brazilian and foreign flora, some of which are endangered. The Rio de Janeiro Botanical Garden was founded in 1808 and opened to the public in 1822. Only about 40% of the park is cultivated, the remainder being Atlantic Forest rising up the slopes of Corcovado.

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Brooklyn Botanic Garden (21 ha), New York, USA was founded in 1910, and today has over 900,000 visitors each year. The Brooklyn Botanic Garden system includes a number of specialty inner gardens (Rock Garden, Japanese Garden, Garden of Shakespeare), plant collections, the Steinhardt Conservatory, climate-themed plant pavilions, an art gallery and more.

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Singapore Botanic Garden, Singapore. On the 82 ha of the Singapore Botanic Garden located a National Orchid Garden, Rainforest, Ginger garden, Children’s garden, etc. Singapore Botanical Garden has more than 10 000 species of flora, it is visited by about 4.5 million people annually. Singapore's botanic gardens is the only one in the world that opens from 5 a.m. to 12 midnight every day of the year, the entrance is free, except for the National Orchid Garden. Founded in 1859, it is one of the best botanical gardens in the world and only the third botanic gardens on the UNESCO World Heritage listing.

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Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden (43 ha) and Botanical Museum, Germany is one of the oldest and largest botanical gardens in Europe. The main buildings of the botanical garden was designed and built between 1897 and 1910. To the public it was opened in 1910. Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden is an educational and cultural institution with a collection of 22 thousand plants.

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Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, England is a complex of botanical gardens and greenhouses (132 ha). Kew Gardens is a home to one of the largest collections of plants. As the Singapore Botanic Gardens, Royal Gardens was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Kew Gardens were founded in 1759. They include The Palm House (greenhouse), The Temperate House (the world's largest surviving Victorian glass structure), The Waterlily House (greenhouse for aquatic plants) and much more.

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Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden, Cape Town, South Africa - located at the foot of Table Mountain. For the most part it presents the South African flora, with some exceptions. The whole area of the botanical garden is enormous - 528 hectares, but only 36 ha of garden is intensively cultivated. Kirstenbosch has more
than 7000 species of plants, including many rare and endangered species. Kirstenbosch was founded in 1913 and became the first botanical garden on the UNESCO World Heritage listing.

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Montreal Botanical Garden, Canada. Founded in 1931, it comprising 75 hectares of thematic gardens and greenhouses. On the territory of the Montreal garden located The Chinese garden (collection of bonsai and penjing), The Japanese Garden, The First Nations Garden, etc. Total system of Montreal botanical garden includes 30 thematic gardens and 10 exhibition greenhouses.

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Nong Nooch Tropical Botanical Garden, Thailand is a 240 hectares of botanical gardens and tourist attractions, that were opened to the public in 1980. Tropical Botanical Garden includes French Garden, Cactus and Succulent Garden, Orchid Garden, Butterfly Hill, Garden of pots, etc. Nong Nooch Tropical Botanical Garden is visited by about 2 thousand people a day.

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Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden, India. It was founded in 1787 by the British colonel. Calcutta Botanical Garden is located on the west bank of the Hooghly River and covers an area of about 109 hectares. The best-known landmark of the garden is The Great Banyan - Ficus benghalensis with world’s
largest crown. Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden has a collection of 12 thousand plant species.

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